FIRC: A guide to its meaning and procedure

26.12.17
5 minute read
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If you’ve sent money to someone in India, you might have been faced with the question of whether you need an FIRC. Meaning, what, exactly?

An FIRC is part of making international money transfers to India, but that doesn’t mean everyone knows what they are. Luckily, they’re not too complicated. All it takes is a little research to know exactly what an FIRC is, whether you need one, and how to get it.

Read on to learn what you need to know about sending money to India and getting an FIRC.

What’s an FIRC? Foreign Inward Remittance Certificates and the procedure explained.

A Foreign Inward Remittance Certificate (FIRC) is a document that acts as a testimonial that all incoming international transfers ended up in the account where they were supposed to go. It’s kind of like a receipt in that it’s used as proof that an individual or a business has received a transfer from outside of India.

The document usually contains the following information:

  • Beneficiary’s name
  • Indication of whether the amount is paid by cash or to the person’s bank account
  • Name and address of the person who sent the money
  • Name and address of the first bank who processed the foreign transaction
  • Demand Draft (DD) or Telegraphic Transfer (TT) number or Cheque number
  • The amount denominated in that foreign currency
  • The equivalent amount denominated in rupees (both fully written out and using just numerals)
  • Name of the recipient of the funds
  • The exchange rate that was applied to the transaction
  • The purpose of the remittance (according to the recipient of the monies)

Why do I need an FIRC? And in what cases is one necessary?

An FIRC acts as documentation of a foreign money transfer. It tracks the amount of the transfer in both the foreign currency and in rupees, as well as where the transfer comes from and where it ends up. Since the unfortunate reality is that a small percentage of foreign fund transactions can be used for illegal activities like money laundering, an FIRC is a safeguard against a lot of legal hassle if your transaction gets flagged for looking suspicious. For that reason, you may want to ask for an FIRC for transfers made into your Indian bank account.

For example, if you’re issuing shares to a foreign person or entity, an FIRC serves as proof that the share application money was received. An FIRC also demonstrates proof of share purchase between a resident Indian and non-resident buyer.

Recently in 2016, the RBI updated regulations as far as what banks will issue FIRCs for. So this may depend on the bank. But, in general the following 2 documents can be issued by “AD (Authorized Dealer) Category I” banks in India as proof of foreign transfers to India:

  • Physical FIRC: Issued only for transfers (inward remittances) covering Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) / Foreign Institutional Investment (FII).
  • e-FIRC: According to the RBI, AD Category I banks must report all money transfers to India to Export and Data Monitoring Systems (EDPMS). This includes any advances or outstanding transfers they've received for the export of goods or software. Banks that receive these kinds of transfers will issue an electronic FIRC to EDPMS when the exporter asks them to

In all other cases of inward remittances, many banks in India may issue you a foreign inward remittance advice (similar to a certificate of inward remittance). This advice usually contains similar details as an FIRC. Please note, such advices are typically available for businesses only.

How do I fill out an FIRC/advice? And where do I file it?

When you transfer money to an account in India, depending on the nature of remittance transaction, your recipient in India can request an FIRC (or an advice) letter from the first bank who processed the foreign transaction, asking them to send an FIRC to the recipient.

How to request an FIRC or an advice

If your transaction falls under the scope of reporting under EDPMS, your transaction is eligible for an e-FIRC. As such, it’s follow the suggestions of RBI regulations and the bank in India where the remittance was received.

For other cases, to request an FIRC or an advice, your recipient will need to send a letter to the first bank including the details of the transaction:

  • UTR number
  • Account number
  • Amount of the transfer
  • Date of the transfer
  • Purpose of the transfer
  • Name of recipient

Such a request will have to be accompanied with an FIRC/advice request letter from the recipient’s bank detailing the transaction details. The recipient will then pay for the issuance of the FIRC/advice, which will be delivered to the recipient of the transfer either physically or electronically.

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Hopefully, with this information, you feel more prepared to send money overseas to India. Good luck with your transfer!

This publication is provided for general information purposes only and is not intended to cover every aspect of the topics with which it deals. It is not intended to amount to advice on which you should rely. You must obtain professional or specialist advice before taking, or refraining from, any action on the basis of the content in this publication. The information in this publication does not constitute legal, tax or other professional advice from TransferWise Limited or its affiliates. Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome. We make no representations, warranties or guarantees, whether express or implied, that the content in the publication is accurate, complete or up to date.

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